Who did the Trojan Horse attack?

Horses

What book does the Odyssey talk about the Trojan Horse?

In the seventh book of the Odyssey epic, there is a brief mention of the Trojan horse. Aslan said that the passage describes how Odysseus and a group of Greek soldiers hid in the Trojan horse to launch a surprise attack on the Trojan army. Which Book Of The Odyssey Talks About The Trojan Horse?

How many Spartans were at the Battle of Thermopylae?

A small contingent, Leonidas included, would stay to guard the pass and hold off the Persians for as long as possible. The remaining men included the famed 300 Spartans, as well as Thessalian and Theban soldiers. In all, they probably numbered around 1,500 men.

Was Thermopylae a strategic victory for the Persians?

Thermopylae is a tactical Persian victory; so is Artemisium. Salamis is a major victory for the Greek coalition (and defeat for the Persians) that in retrospect may well have been a strategic as well as tactical victory. Plataea and Mycale are strategic victories for the Greeks. At Plataea, the Persians might have won (they attacked).

Who wrote the history of the Battle of Thermopylae?

The history of the Battle of Thermopylae comes to us today from a few ancient Greek historians, including Herodotus, the “Father of History.” Their accounts largely line up with each other, though they do disagree on a few minor points.

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What happens in Book 3 of the Odyssey?

The Odyssey Book 3 Summary & Analysis. When the king realizes that Telemachus’s companion is a god, he stops emphasizing Telemachus’s eloquence and will, and focuses instead on the prince’s dependence on the gods. It is pious to speak of god-human relationships in terms of complete dependence, though it is honorable to follow one’s own conscience.

What happened to the Spartans and Thessalians after the Battle of Thermopylae?

The Spartans and Thessalians died almost to a man, while the Thebans, recognizing defeat, surrendered. Though defeated at Thermopylae, the Greeks would ultimately prevail in the second Greco-Persian war, though not before Athens was sacked by the Persians.

What happened to Xerxes after the Battle of Thermopylae?

Though defeated at Thermopylae, the Greeks would ultimately prevail in the second Greco-Persian war, though not before Athens was sacked by the Persians. Following a naval defeat at the Battle of Salamis, Xerxes retreated to Asia, losing many men to disease and starvation along the way.

What is the significance of the Battle of Thermopylae?

Perhaps better known today as “that battle from the movie 300,” the Battle of Thermopylae was an epic, three-day face-off between a small group of Greek soldiers and the massive Persian Army in 480 B.C. It’s little spoiler to say the Greeks lost.

How did the Thermopylae get its name?

The name “Thermopylae” translates to “Hot Gates” in the original Greek. This name was given to the narrow pass because of the warm sulphur springs which originated there. According to the Greek myths, the mighty warrior Heracles (often Latinized as Hercules) was tricked into putting on clothes which had been soaked in the blood of the Hydra.

Why were some Spartans forced to fight in the Battle of Thermopylae?

Many of the Greek soldiers, who fought with the Spartan elite at the Battle of Thermopylae, were forced to fight because they were slaves. Frank Miller, author of the graphic novel 300, talked about the nature of the Spartans in an interview, “The Spartans were a paradoxical people. They were the biggest slave owners in Greece.

When did the Battle of Thermopylae take place?

Historians who study the 300 Spartans history are positive that the battle took place in 480 B.C. They only argue over whether it happened in August or mid-September of that year.

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How many Spartans were killed at the Battle of Thera?

Leonidas and his 300 Spartans all lay dead, as did the 700 Thespians who had stood by them. The Persian dead were said to number around 20,000, although Xerxes tried to conceal this horrendous loss by having most of them secretly buried, leaving only about 1,000 Persian bodies for his army to see as it marched through the pass.

Where does Odysseus live in the Odyssey?

Odysseus was the king of Ithaca, a small, rocky island on the west coast of Greece. Unlike the kingdoms of most other great heroes, Odysseus’ island home was humble and insignificant. What Odysseus lacked in political prestige he made up for in his intellectual attributes.

What is the time period of Odysseus?

Euripides: Odysseus is a character in the Hecuba (420s BCE) and plays a behind-the-scenes role in the Trojan Women (415 BCE) and Iphigenia in Aulis (405 BCE). Alcidamas: In the speech Odysseus (fourth century BCE), Odysseus accuses Palamedes of treachery.

Is Odysseus a demigod?

No. Demigods were usually defined as the children of one mortal parent and one immortal parent, while Odysseus’ parents, Laertes and Anticlea, were both mortal. Did Odysseus fight in the Trojan War? Yes. Odysseus fought on the Greek side during the Trojan War.

What does Nestor tell Telemachus about Odysseus’s fate?

Nestor returned safely to Pylos, but he knows nothing about Odysseus’s fate. Nestor mentions that Aegisthus murdered Agamemnon when the king returned home, and that Agamemnon’s son Orestes avenged the murder: Nestor tells Telemachus to be courageous like Orestes.

How do I track the themes in the Odyssey?

LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Odyssey, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. When Telemachus’s ship arrives at Pylos the next morning, the crew finds 4500 of Nestor’s people sacrificing bulls in honor of the god Poseidon.

What does Athena tell Telemachus about Odysseus?

As the crew climbs ashore, Athena urges Telemachus to put his shyness aside and question Nestor about Odysseus. The prince worries about his youth and inexperience, but Athena assures him that the right words will come, with the help of the gods.

What happened to Leonidas in the Battle of Thermopylae?

Faced with near-certain defeat, he sent most of his men away. A small contingent, Leonidas included, would stay to guard the pass and hold off the Persians for as long as possible. The remaining men included the famed 300 Spartans, as well as Thessalian and Theban soldiers.

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What happened to Athens after the Battle of Thermopylae?

Following Thermopylae, the Persian army proceeded to burn and sack the Boeotian cities that had not surrendered, Plataea and Thespiae, before marching on the now evacuated city of Athens. The Allies (mostly Peloponnesian) prepared to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, demolishing the single road that led through it, and building a wall across it.

What happened to Thespian hoplites?

The Thespian example is especially noteworthy. Unlike with Sparta, the 700 hoplites from Thespiae represented their entire fighting force. While it’s true that they stood to lose a great deal if the Persians got through Thermopylae, it’s worth pointing out that by this time, the city of Thespiae had been successfully evacuated.

Why did the Greeks fail to defeat the Persians at Thermopylae?

They never intended to actually defeat the Persians at Thermopylae the Greek forces were meant to delay the Persians and abrade their morale and resources. In a very real sense every hour the Persians were slowed was a victory. That said, they seem to have hoped they could delay the Persians longer, but obviously Ephialtes put the kybosh on that.

What happened to the Spartans in the Battle of Thermopylae?

Ultimately, the Persians killed almost all of the Spartan troops. The helots the Spartans brought with them were also killed. The Persian army proceeded south, sacking Athens and threatening to break into the Peloponnese.

What happened to Cleombrotus after the Battle of Thermopylae?

“Cleombrotus, fighting in the phalanx as Spartan kings did, was struck down and was carried dying out of the battle,” writes Lendon. “Other leading Spartans were soon killed fighting as well.”

How did Sparta gain political supremacy in the lower Peloponnese?

The Spartans achieved what can be termed as political supremacy in lower Peloponnese by defeating and absorbing the state of Messenia during the Second Messenian War (685-668 BC). From thereon, the domain of Sparta stretched across Laconia and Messenia, and consequently, the Spartans became one of the militarily powerful polities of ancient Greece.

Why did the Spartans conquer so many areas?

Greeks, including the Spartans, conquered neighboring areas to acquire more land and to build their slave labor force. Many of the Greek soldiers, who fought with the Spartan elite at the Battle of Thermopylae, were forced to fight because they were slaves.