What states are Arowana illegal?


How did Asian arowana become a $200m/year global market?

This fanaticism has turned farm-bred Asian arowana (which are legal in most countries) into an estimated $200m/year global market. In the mid-1980s, an Indonesian printing executive named Tris Tanoto quit his job and bought 12 Asian Arowana for $170.

How did Asian arowana get their start?

In the mid-1980s, an Indonesian printing executive named Tris Tanoto quit his job and bought 12 Asian Arowana for $170. With help from friends, he bought a small farm in East Jakarta, released the fish in a pond on the property, and, through trial and error, taught himself the art of breeding.

Where are arowana farms in Southeast Asia?

Today, Tanoto’s operation is one of at least 250 CITES-approved Asian arowana farms across Southeast Asia, the majority of which are centered in Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Is Asian arowana fish a good investment?

If fish keeping is one of your major hobbies, buy the Asian Arowana fish. It definitely a sound investment and one of the gems that will raise the status of the tank you have to be lucrative. What the fish offers in terms of appearance, behavior, and lifespan will undoubtedly match the price it comes with.

Where do Asian arowana fish live?

Asian Arowana (Scleropages Formosus), also affectionately known as Dragon Fish (龙鱼) in Asia, is native to Southeast Asia. Asian Arowanas inhabit blackwater conditions in rivers and wetland, where the water is soft and acidic.

How many Asian arowana farms are in Singapore?

There are over 150 CITES-registered Asian arowana farms in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and other Southeast Asia countries, producing Asian arowana for commercial purpose.

What is the evolution of the Asian arowana?

Evolution and taxonomy. Like all members of the Osteoglossidae, Asian arowanas are highly adapted to fresh water and are incapable of surviving in the ocean. Therefore, their spread throughout the islands of southeast Asia suggests they diverged from other osteoglossids before the continental breakup was complete.

What is the difference between Super arowana and platinum arowana?

The Super Arowana has soft and long layered. The head body of this fish is also unique in which it has a teeth style that looks upward. Platinum Arowana for sale, also called osteoglossum bicirrhosum is an extremely rare species of Arowana fish with virtually no coloration on its body.

Where do arowana fish come from?

According to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, which tracks legal exports of arowana, more than 200,000 trades were recorded in 2016, three times more than in 2006. Most came from Indonesia or Malaysia and ended up in Chinese aquariums. Like this story? Subscribe to CNBC Make It on YouTube!

What can the Asian arowana genome tell us about teleost evolution?

The Asian arowana ( Scleropages formosus) genome provides new insights into the evolution of an early lineage of teleosts. Sci. Rep. 6, 24501; doi: 10.1038/srep24501 (2016). Nelson, J. S. Fishes of the world, xix. 601 p. (Wiley, Hoboken, N.J., 2006).

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Why are the genomes of African arowana and pirarucu so different?

Other than the faster evolution rate in African arowana and pirarucu genomes, the genome sizes of these two species (669 Mb and 667 Mb, respectively) are also notably smaller than that of the Asian arowana genome (785 Mb). Thus, we then investigated the possible mechanisms underlying the smaller genome sizes.

What do we know about the genomics of Arowana colour variations?

Our previous study published in Scientific Reports 4 has reported a primary genome assembly of a female golden arowana and the draft genomes of the green and red varieties. The genomic and transcriptome comparisons among these three varieties have interpreted the possible molecular mechanism of colour variations.

How is the mitochondrial genomic sequence of Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) determined?

The complete mitochondrial genomic sequence (mtDNA) of Asian arowana ( Scleropages formosus) was determined by using shotgun sequencing method. The length of Asian arowana mtDNA is ca. 16,650 bp (its variation is due to polymorphic repeats in the control region), containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA and 2 rRNA genes.

Is there a phylogenetic analysis of bony fish evolution?

Broughton, R. E., Betancur, R. R., Li, C., Arratia, G. & Orti, G. Multi-locus phylogenetic analysis reveals the pattern and tempo of bony fish evolution. PLos Curr 5, 2157–3999 (2013).

How do pirarucu fish reproduce?

Then, throughout low-water months, Pirarucu fish assembles nests in sandy bottoms the place the females lay eggs. Grownup males play an uncommon reproductive function by incubating tens of 1000’s of eggs of their mouths, guarding them aggressively, and shifting them when vital.

What does pirarucu fish look like?

Pirarucu fish has tapered, copperish-green heads, upturned mouths, and scaly, streamlined our bodies which are black with a white middle. A dorsal fin stretches alongside their backs towards their huge tails, that are purple.

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Why is the pirarucu fish important to humans?

This fish is also an important protein source in the diet of people living along the river, but large pirarucu have become less common in some areas, owing to overfishing. The pirarucu’s air bladder allows the fish to breathe air.

How did African arowana’S feeding habits transition into teleosts?

A mechanism of African arowana’s feeding habits transition is proposed. Osteoglossiformes is a basal clade of teleost, evolving since the Jurassic period. The genomes of Osteoglossiformes species would shed light on the evolution and adaptation of teleost. Here, we established a chromosome-level genome of African arowana.

When did African arowana diverge from pirarucu?

Here, we established a chromosome-level genome of African arowana. Together with the genomes of pirarucu and Asian arowana, we found that they diverged at ∼106.1 million years ago (MYA) and ∼59.2 MYA, respectively, which are coincident with continental separation.

What is the length of Asian arowana mtDNA?

The length of Asian arowana mtDNA is ca. 16,650 bp (its variation is due to polymorphic repeats in the control region), containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA and 2 rRNA genes.

How many colour varieties of Asian arowana are there?

Figure 1: The three colour varieties of Asian arowana sequenced in this study. Figure 2: Characteristics of the reference genome of the golden Asian arowana. Figure 3: Phylogenetic relationship of the Asian arowana to other teleosts. Figure 4: Evolution of the teleost karyotype.

What is the genome size of the Arowana species?

We then calculated their genome sizes as 0.822 Gb (golden arowana), 0.949 Gb (red) and 0.897 Gb (green), respectively.

What’s new in the phylogenetic classification of bony fishes?

This version of the phylogenetic classification of bony fishes is substantially improved, providing resolution for more taxa than previous versions, based on more densely sampled phylogenetic trees.