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Birds

What does an Australian brush turkey look like?

The Australian Brush Turkey is a large and rather strange-looking bird that is found throughout eastern Australia. Its body and tail feathers are black, and its head and neck are bright red. It has a yellow wattle at the base of its neck.

What kind of bird is a brush turkey?

The Australian brushturkey or Australian brush-turkey or gweela ( Alectura lathami ), also frequently called the scrub turkey or bush turkey, is a common, widespread species of mound-building bird from the family Megapodiidae found in eastern Australia from Far North Queensland to Eurobodalla on the South Coast of New South Wales.

What colour is the wattle of a brush turkey?

The bird’s wattle (a fleshy lobe hanging down from the base of its neck) varies in colour with its age, gender and location. In the southern parts of its range, the male brush turkey has a bright yellow wattle, while on Cape York Peninsula in far north Queensland its wattle is light blue.

What does an Australian brush-turkey look like?

What does it look like? The Australian Brush-turkey has a mainly black body plumage, bare red head, yellow throat wattle (pale blue in northern birds) and laterally flattened tail. The Australian Brush-turkey is not easily confused with any other Australian bird.

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What does a Turkey Chick look like?

Females and younger birds have dull yellow wattles. Brush turkey chicks look much like quails, with plain rich brown feathers over their entire bodies.

Where does the brush turkey end?

The Brush Turkey ends along the entirety of the coast of eastern Australia. The Brush Turkey’۪s mound is usually built in a shady, moist area. Brush Turkeys, or Bush Turkeys, have developed a reputation for creating a path of destruction through suburban gardens.

What kind of animal is a brush turkey?

It is the largest Australian member of the family called megapodidae (which means “large foot”) and also includes turkeys, quails. Even more obvious than their looks are the giant nests that they build to raise their family. Where are Brush Turkeys found?

Where do brush turkeys live in Australia?

The Australian brush turkey can be found in NSW and Queensland. It lives in humid forests along the eastern seaboard and inland to the wetter ranges, though it is most often seen in rainforest and neighbouring eucalypt forest areas.

How big is a brushturkey in Australia?

Australian brushturkey in a suburban backyard, Sydney, Australia. It is a large bird with black feathers and a red head. Its total length is about 60–75 cm (23.5–29.5 in) and a wingspan of about 85 cm (33 in).

How long does it take for Australian brush turkeys to fly?

Australian Brush-turkey chicks hatch fully feathered and can fly within a few hours. The Australian Brush-turkey has a mainly black body plumage, bare red head, yellow throat wattle (pale blue in northern birds) and laterally flattened tail.

How does the Australian brush-turkey check the temperature during incubation?

The Australian Brush-turkey checks the temperature by sticking its beak into the mound. As with some reptiles, incubation temperature affects the sex ratio of chicks, which is equal at 34°C but results in more males when cooler and more females when warmer.

What do brush-turkeys eat?

Brush-turkeys feed on insects, seeds and fallen fruits, which are exposed by raking the leaf litter or breaking open rotten logs with their large feet. The majority of food is obtained from the ground, with birds occasionally observed feeding on ripening fruits among tree branches.

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What does a male Turkey look like?

Male turkeys, also called toms, are large, round birds with powerful muscles and colorful plumage. They are most easily recognizable by their tail fans, the “beard” of thin feathers on their chest, and their bright facial wattles (including the distinctive snood ).

What color are the feathers on a Turkey?

These colors will vary slightly depending on the exact type of turkey that you are inspecting. For example, a male ocellated turkey has very iridescent feathers, while a male eastern wild turkey will have more brown in its feathers.

Do Aboriginals eat brush turkeys?

They are sometimes hunted for food, including as part of the diet by Aboriginal Australians. Their eggs, which weigh on average 180 g (6.3 oz), are also sometimes eaten. The Australian brushturkey is fully protected in Queensland.

What is a brush turkey called in Australia?

The Australian brushturkey or Australian brush-turkey or gweela (Alectura lathami), also frequently called the scrub turkey or bush turkey, is a common, widespread species of mound-building bird from the family Megapodiidae found in eastern Australia from Far North Queensland to Eurobodalla on the south coast of New South Wales.

What do brush turkeys look like?

What do Brush Turkeys look like? The Australian Brush Turkey ( Alectura lathami) are easy to recognise with black plumage, a bare red head, yellow throat and a laterally flat tail. It is the largest Australian member of the family called megapodidae (which means “large foot”) and also includes turkeys, quails.

How do Australian brush turkeys build their nests?

Leaf litter nest of an Australian brushturkey in northern Sydney. They build large nests on the ground made of leaves, other compostable material, and earth, 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 4.9 ft) high and up to 4 m (13 ft) across. Mound-building is done by a dominant male, and visited by a succession of local females, for mating and egg-laying.

What does a female brush turkey look like?

The male brush turkey has a large, bright yellow flap of skin that hangs from its neck, while the female has a smaller and paler wattle. Chicks don’t look much like their parents, as they’re small, plump birds with rich brown feathers.

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What do brush turkeys eat?

They eat insects, native fruits and seeds. Adult birds feed throughout the day, while young birds forage in pre-dawn light and in twilight to avoid predators. Generally a quiet bird, the brush turkey sometimes makes soft grunts.

Where does the Australian brush-turkey live?

The Australian Brush-turkey inhabits rainforests and wet schlerophyll forests, but can also be found in drier scrubs. In the northern part of its range, the Australian Brush-turkey is most common at higher altitudes, but individuals move to the lowland areas in winter months. In the south, it is common in both mountain and lowland regions.

Are Australian brush turkeys protected?

Australian brush turkeys are a protected species as are all native animals. Brush turkeys are generally wary of humans and they feed mainly on insects, seeds and fallen fruits. They find food by raking the leaf litter or breaking open rotten logs with their large feet.

What to do if you find a brush turkey?

When the brush turkey first shows signs of nesting at a site, spray it early in the morning with a short burst of water from a garden sprinkler, a hand-held hose or spray bottle to move the bird on. Never try to harm the bird. Aim only for the chest. Try to hide from view, so it is the location the bird is wary of, not the person.

Do brush turkeys sit on their eggs?

The brush turkey is one of about 22 species of megapode, which means ‘big feet’. These birds don’t sit on their eggs to incubate them, but rather lay them in large mounds of decaying vegetation, relying on the heat generated within.

What is another name for a turkey bird?

The other species is Agriocharis (or Meleagris) ocellata, the ocellated turkey. For unrelated but similar birds, see bustard (Australian turkey), megapode (brush turkey), and snakebird (water turkey).