How often should Coggins be done?

Horses

Do You need A Coggins test for a horse?

The Coggins test is often required to transport, show, sell, or board a horse. Coggins tests should be updated yearly. Owners of positive horses have to make the choice to put the horse down (euthanized) or have the animal permanently quarantined. Transportation of positive horses is prohibited.

What to do if your horse has EIA?

Infected horses should be promptly isolated. There is no cure for EIA, so prevention is the key to controlling the disease. The Coggins test is a simple blood test that is widely accepted as a way of determining carriers of the disease. The Coggins test is often required to transport, show, sell, or board a horse.

What is Coggins disease in horses?

Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins’ Disease) Ashley Griffin, University of Kentucky Equine infectious anemia (EIA), or swamp fever, is a viral disease that occurs worldwide. The disease is usually spread by horse flies biting an infected horse, then biting a healthy horse.

How long do Coggins test results last?

These results, often referred to as Coggins papers, will then be available as either a paper or electronic certificate and should be kept with the horse’s health records. The test results expire one year from the testing date. The following information is generally found on all Coggins tests:

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What is a Coggins test for horses?

A Coggins test is a blood test identifying if a horse is a carrier of Equine Infectious Anemia, a viral disease found in horses. A negative Coggins test is required for all travel between states and at most equine facilities.

Do you need a negative Coggins for comingling horses?

The necessity of a negative Coggins for comingling horses is both for moving a new horse into your herd or bringing a horse to a boarding facility. Even if it weren’t a state requirement, most boarding facilities would need it.

Do I need a negative Coggins test to cross the state line?

Currently, all states require proof of a negative Coggins test for horses crossing a state line. For Pennsylvania, it is required that all horses entering the Commonwealth be accompanied by a negative Coggins from within 12 months prior to requested date of entry.

When do I need a new Coggins test?

Date you need a new coggins: 1/3/2015, or prior to your first travel/show As a reminder, there are some horses that don’t need a negative coggins test while traveling.

What is EIA and how is it controlled?

Control of EIA is by preventing transmission of infection to other horses through insect (vector) control and by avoiding procedures which may cause the transfer of blood products. If infection is suspected, or a horse has been in-contact with an infected horse…

How can we prevent EIA reactor reactions in horses?

Surveillance and testing are the best methods of prevention. Since EIA control efforts began over 40 years ago the reactor rate has fallen from 4% to .004% in 2017 among tested animals. USDA recommends testing every equid annually.

What is Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)?

Equine infectious anemia (EIA) is a viral disease caused by the equine infectious anemia virus. This virus belongs to the family of viruses that includes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The disease affects horses and ponies, but is not transmissible to humans.

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How to test for EIA in horses?

Performing a Coggins Test To perform a Coggins test, a licensed veterinarian must draw blood from your horse and send it to an accredited lab for analysis. The lab will conduct a test to detect the EIA antibody (a protein that allows the body to recognize the EIA virus; this will only be present if the horse has had the EIA virus).

What is the Coggins test?

The Coggins test is a simple blood test that is widely accepted as a way of determining carriers of the disease. The Coggins test is often required to transport, show, sell, or board a horse.

What is “Coggins” in horses?

If you are in the horse world, you have heard the term “ Coggins “. What exactly is “Coggins”, and what is a Coggins test in horses used for? Despite the frequently incorrectly used term, “Coggins” is not a disease. A Coggins test is a highly specific blood test used for the detection of antibodies to Equine Infectious Anemia, or EIA.

What happens if a horse has a positive Coggins test?

In most areas, a positive Coggins test requires immediate euthanasia. The horse puts too great a risk on other equines in the area. However, there is a possibility that an isolated horse might be allowed to live. If that happens, the horse can never be around other horses again… unless they are also positive for Equine Infectious Anemia.

How often do I need to get my horse Coggins tested?

How frequently do I need to get my horse Coggins tested? Where can I find information about state Coggins test requirements? Some states permit entry of horses from other states if they have proof of negative EIA (Equine Infectious Anemia-Coggins) test within prior 12 months.

What are the symptoms of Coggins disease in horses?

Symptoms of the disease sometimes include fever, anemia, overall weakness, and swelling of the chest and abdomen. While the United States has a very low rate of incidence, most states and horse shows do require a negative Coggins test to be allowed entrance.

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Can you show a horse with a negative Coggins test?

While the United States has a very low rate of incidence, most states and horse shows do require a negative Coggins test to be allowed entrance. For a coggins test to be completed, a licensed veterinarian needs to draw the blood, and take pictures of the horse’s left and right side, as well as face.

What is a negative Coggins certificate for horses?

A negative Coggins certificate is required for horses. Coggins tests are vital in the battle against infectious diseases, and it’s critical to understand what’s involved if you own a horse. Why would a horse need a Coggins test? Why horses need a Coggins test is a question every new horse owner should ask… and find the answer for.

What is the Coggins test for anemia in horses?

The Coggins test is named for Leroy Coggins, the veterinarian who developed the test to detect antibodies against equine infectious anemia virus (EIA) in 1970. There are other approved tests, but the Coggins test remains the most definitive test for EIA. Once infected with EIA, a horse remains infected for life.

Do you need a negative Coggins test to sell a horse?

Some states now require a negative Coggins test on a horse before he can be sold. Before you travel check to see how recent a test is required because it differs from place to place. Once you have a negative Coggins further testing is not required for your own peace of mind.

How long after a Coggins test can you ride a horse?

If you plan to go to shows or other events with your horse, the grounds will require a current Coggins test to show that your horse is safe to be around other horses. Some states have a thirty day period after a negative test result, but quite a few have only five days.

What states require Coggins for horses?

Texas Many states (like Virginia) require a Coggins for public assembly. For example, Coggins would be required for horse shows, racing, auctions, organized trail rides, and parades. Arkansas requires each horse to be tested yearly.