At what age should you have the birds and bees talk?

Birds

How can you tell how old a companion parrot is?

Generally, the rule about companion parrots’ age is this that the larger the bird, the longer the lifespan. Most of the larger parrot species have lifespans similar to humans or even greater in some cases. This makes measuring their age in anything but regular 365-day years a moot point.

What is the ictal phase of a bird?

The second stage is the ictal phase, which involves disorientation and inability to coordinate its muscles; this phase is where your bird may fall from its perch to the floor, and trash about, stiffen, vocalise and defecate. It can last for 5 to 25 seconds

What is the ictal phase of flight?

The second stage is the ictal phase, which involves disorientation and inability to coordinate its muscles; this phase is where your bird may fall from its perch to the floor, and trash about, stiffen, vocalise and defecate. It can last for 5 to 25 seconds

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What is the normal pattern of alpha wave activity in epileptic seizures?

The pattern typically consisted of 0.5 to 4 second runs of sharply contoured alpha activity without evolution. All patients with B(I)RDs had epilepsy, and, when compared with controls with epilepsy but without BIRDs, were more likely to be medically refractory (10 of 15 [67%] vs. 5 of 30 [17%]; P < 0.01).

What are the different types of epileptiform activity?

There are several types of epileptiform activity, including single discharges (sharps and spikes) and rhythmic and/or periodic activity. It is important to note that the presence of epileptiform activity is not sufficient for a diagnosis of epilepsy in a patient with no history of seizures.

What is epileptiform activity on EEG?

the eeg in epilepsy. Epileptiform activity on EEG is indicative of cortical hyperexcitability, which carries an increased risk for seizures and the presence of an epileptic network within the brain. There are several types of epileptiform activity, including single discharges (sharps and spikes) and rhythmic and/or periodic activity.

Which EEG findings are characteristic of epilepsy (seizure)?

Electroencephalography (EEG) shows generalized epileptiform discharges and may show photosensitivity. Seizure types include generalized tonic-clonic (GTC), absence, and myoclonic.

What is the role of epileptiform activity in epilepsy diagnosis?

It is important to note that the presence of epileptiform activity is not sufficient for a diagnosis of epilepsy in a patient with no history of seizures. In a patient with a history of seizures, epileptiform activity in between seizures (interictal activity) is useful in helping to localize seizure onset.

What is the difference between a seizure and an evolving bird?

⚫NOTE: ⚫if evolving and >10s: it’s a seizure. ⚫If evolving, 0.5-10s and reaches >4 hz, it’s a BIRD (definite due to evolution) ⚫If evolving, 4 Hz, just use the modifier “evolving”

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What are paroxysmal runs of fast activity in epilepsy?

However, paroxysmal runs of fast activity can be epileptiform, and are most commonly seen in patients with generalized epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, and tonic seizures. Paroxysmal fast activity can be localized, as in the example below, or generalized.

What is electrographic status epilepticus?

⚫Electrographic status epilepticus (ESE) is defined as electrographic seizure for >10 continuous minutes or for a total duration of >20% of any 60-minute period of recording15 Electrographic seizure (ESz): 10 s OR Any pattern with definite evolution lasting ≥10 s Epileptiform discharges >2.5 Hz for ≥10 s(>25 ED in 10s) tim e

Are birds a reliable scalp EEG biomarker of uncontrolled seizures?

BIRDs appear to be a scalp EEG biomarker of uncontrolled seizure activity and a reliable localizing … A high proportion of patients with BIRDs/PFA had seizures on EEG, regardless of their frequency (i.e., whether they also qualified as PFA), and their location colocalized with scalp SOZ in all cases.

How do you know if it’s a seizure or evolution?

⚫NOTE: ⚫if evolving and >10s: it’s a seizure. ⚫If evolving, 0.5-10s and reaches >4 hz, it’s a BIRD (definite due to evolution) ⚫If evolving, 4 Hz, just use the modifier “evolving” Evolution of frequency

What is epileptiform spikes and Sharps?

Any epileptiform discharge is a disruption of the usual functioning of the brain, and sharps and spikes are perhaps the most classic type. A sharp is a single epileptiform discharge defined by its duration lasting between 70-200ms, and by its disruption of the EEG background.

What is epileptiform discharge in epilepsy?

In a patient with a history of seizures, epileptiform activity in between seizures (interictal activity) is useful in helping to localize seizure onset. Any epileptiform discharge is a disruption of the usual functioning of the brain, and sharps and spikes are perhaps the most classic type.

What gave rise to mammals and birds?

Both mammals and birds originated from reptiles and amphibians gave rise to them. There are about 8,000 species of reptiles in four different taxonomic orders known as Squamata (snakes), Crocodilia (crocodiles and alligators), Testudines (turtles), and Sphenodontia (tuatara).

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Is weak supervision an efficient approach for automated seizure detection in electroencephalography?

“Weak supervision as an efficient approach for automated seizure detection in electroencephalography”. NPJ Digital Medicine. 3 (1): 59. doi: 10.1038/s41746-020-0264-0.

Is paroxysmal fast activity localized or generalized?

Paroxysmal fast activity can be localized, as in the example below, or generalized. When you see burst of generalized paroxysmal fast activity, ensure it is not actually a tonic seizure, of which fast activity is classically a key part.

What is non-convulsive status epilepticus (SE)?

Electrographic status epilepticus has been variably defined. Most broadly, non-convulsive status epilepticus is an enduring epileptic disorder with altered consciousness, behavioural abnormalities, or even merely subjective symptoms such as auras due to continuing electrographic seizures, but without major convulsive movements.

What is the pathophysiology of electrographic seizures in children?

Most cases of electrographic seizures and electrographic status epilepticus in critically ill children and neonates occur in the context of a documented brain insult and are referred to as acute symptomatic seizures. 6 Thus, electrographic seizures and electrographic status epilepticus serve as biomarkers of brain dysfunction or injury.

Should critically ill children undergo continuous EEG for identification of electrographic seizures?

Identifying which critically ill children should undergo continuous EEG for identification of electrographic seizures is a complex task. Electrographic seizures and electrographic status epilepticus are common in children with encephalopathy with a wide range of causes in both large, aetiologically heterogeneous, multicentre studies (table) 9 an…

What is the definition of electrographic status epilepticus?

Investigators of studies that have attempted to stratify patients as having low or high seizure burdens have defined electrographic status epilepticus as uninterrupted electrographic seizures lasting at least 30 min or repeated electrographic seizures totalling more than 30 min in any 1 h period. 8, 9, 15, 16 This definition was proposed in the