What is the best rake for harvesting leaves. Garnering Thoughts

When man builds his own tools, his hands work for the benefit of his spirit; and when both, hand and spirit, come together in a harmonious relationship with nature, they prioritize their condition human.

In search of technologies that facilitate the work of the organic garden,

The following premises have been fundamentally taken into account for research, development, adaptation and experimentation

That the machines, tools, equipment and devices, favor the conservation, keeping the soil tilled, as natural as possible;

That in their construction the reuse of recyclable materials is foreseen both for the contribution to ecological principles, increasingly necessary, as also, because of the budgetary constraints of most of the project's recipients;

That they facilitate the work, reduce the physical efforts of operation and allow the anatomical adaptations for the use of men, women, children and people with different abilities.

Although one of the objectives that stimulate this work is to promote the

self-sufficiency, other manufacturing alternatives are not ruled out, such as

* small craft enterprises

* workshops of technical schools and vocational training centers

* agreements of technological linkage

The latter will allow the Institution to relate with companies interested in expanding the supply of tools and equipment, many of which are not

of recognized technological value for the industry.

development of sustainable small-scale agricultural models.

A useful, economical and efficient tool, used with the skill

that provides the right training, coupled with a willing spirit

to respect nature, taking what she generously offers us, will allow us to GROW in the search of that, so longed for, world



There is no more valuable element of help in the organic garden than a good tool. However, its value also depends on other factors:

Quality and design: a good tool is one in whose construction it

have taken care:

the manufacturing technology

the quality of the materials

the anatomical design

The national industry has tools of diverse quality and cost, along with

to others of imported origin, which can be accessed through the stores


The PRO-HUERTA contemplates the elaboration of descriptive Technical Cards for

the "homemade" manufacture of some of these tools and implements.

In this edition, 16 of them are presented. In order to facilitate the construction

of others of greater complexity are also included, the plans of prototypes that already

are being experienced with good results in school, family and community gardens in most of the country. In this sense, it is worth mentioning the contribution that private artisans, students and teachers from special schools, common primary schools, professional training centers, municipal workshops, penitentiary institutions, non-governmental organizations and an important number of

"orchards" that reward themselves by building their own tools.

Timely work: the correct observation and handling of the land to be cultivated, its

humidity, compaction and type of soil, will allow to determine the opportune moment to point, to carp, to sow, to irrigate, etc.

The execution of certain tasks at the wrong time of the circumstantial state of the

National Institute of Agricultural Technology 7

The soil, not only implies a greater effort and time of work, but also, in some cases, they prevent to improve the land adequately for the later work.

Adequate handling: each tool, according to its design and technological characteristics, has a correct way of being operated. For this reason, it must be adapted

anatomically to the eventual operator, so that it does not force him to efforts and

useless movements that produce unnecessary fatigue.

Man is capable of a great variety of natural movements.

For this reason, when he executes a task with a certain tool and follows

their "natural" movement with respect to direction, speed and frequency, healthier and less tiring will be that task.

Work that requires the use of a few muscles causes fatigue more quickly than work that involves several parts of the body and several muscles in

each of those parts.

The skills and abilities in the handling of horticultural tools are only

acquire with sequence and opportune exercise, notwithstanding the humanization of

manual tasks make it advisable to remember these principles:

A) Working movements that follow the most "natural" movements of the

operator in direction, speed and frequency.

B) The use of as many muscles as possible to decrease "load" at each

one of them.

C) A "variety" of movements involving different muscles in

alternative sequences.

When we consider the "orchard", not only as a work to produce

food, but also as a pleasant environment in which to recreate nature,

marvel at his work and learn from his teachings and his efficiency, we can

conclude that:

EFFICIENT TASK: is the cultural or soil preparation work, with the help

of a tool or implement, with the least consumption of time and effort, in

which you can see at first sight an excellent quality.

Care and Maintenance: even the best of tools will only continue to maintain their original quality when they are properly cared for and maintained.

proper maintenance. These do not consist only of maintaining the cutting edges,

adjusting the ends and keeping their different parts protected with paints, but also in preserving their hygiene conditions once the work is done.

Rust is the element that most attacks certain metallic parts of the tools and the one that also makes a good work difficult and precisely this is controlled

with periodic use and subsequent cleaning.

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